Researching types of dental implants can easily lead to information overload. This is because dental implants can be categorized based on material, shape, size, attachment mechanism, connection design, surface type, number of components, and much more. Too much information can lead to more confusion than clarity. The most commonly used materials are titanium but, we believe zirconia will continue to take over. For instance much of Europe is utilizing zirconia materials over titanium for it quality, strength, appearance, being non allergenic and an overall healthier option.
Because zirconia implants are known as the metal free implant option or ceramic dental implants many patients with allergies or who want a more natural option opt for zirconia. Dr. Saleh at Optima Dental has been recognized as the first dentist to utilize this material in the US in the early 2000’s and are more utilized in the US over the last few years.
Zirconia dental implants are made from Zirconium Dioxide. Zirconia is naturally occurring material. It is chemically unreactive and it is one of the most studied ceramic materials. In some patients titanium dental implants can cause a hypersensitivity allergic reaction. Zirconia implants can a good alternative for those patients because zirconia offers better biocompatibility. Various studies have shown that zirconia implants tend to elicit much less hypersensitivity reaction in patients.
Optima Dental was one of the first dental practices to introduce zirconia dental implants in the United States and the first to do so in Oregon. At Optima Dental we utilize Z-Systems zirconia implants.
Majority of dental implants used today are titanium. Titanium implants can either made from medical grade IV “Pure Titanium” or medical grade V “ Titanium Alloy”. Titanium implants utilized today are root form “screw like” with internal or external connection. These implants come in various diameter sizes from narrow diameter mini dental implants to wide platform large diameter implants.
Grade 4 titanium is among the commercially pure category of titanium. It is approximately 99% pure titanium with 1% containing other elements that include Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Iron and Nitrogen.
Grade 5 titanium is a medical grade titanium that is about 90% pure. Majority of dental implants utilized today are made from Grade 5 Titanium aka Titanium Alloy. Titanium grade 5 is a medical grade titanium that is about 90% pure. The remainding 10% of implants are composed of 6% aluminium, 4% vanadium, 0.25% (maximum) iron, 0.2% (maximum) oxygen.
At Optima Dental we believe that Titanium grade 4 implants offer the best combination of durability and biocompatibility. High quality dental implants manufacturers tend to utilize grade 4 titanium and perform more in depth research. Some of these manufacturers include Nobel Biocare, Straumann, and Astra. These manufactures have gained the American Dental Association seal of acceptance, which sets stricter guidelines than the FDA on implants manufacturers.
At Optima Dental we utilize Nobel Biocare dental implants for our titanium implants.